Kata Sandang (Artikula) - Pengertian, Ciri, Fungsi, Jenis, dan Contohnya

Kata Sandang (Artikula) - Pengertian, Ciri, Fungsi, Jenis, dan Contohnya

Ilmusosial.info – Untuk kali ini kami akan membahas mengenai kata sandang (artikula) yang dalam hal ini meliputi pengertian, ciri, fungsi, jenis dan contohnya, Dan untuk lebih jelasnya silahkan simak ulasan dibawah ini.
Kata Sandang (Artikula) - Pengertian, Ciri, Fungsi, Jenis, dan Contohnya
Content
1.  Kata Sandang (Artikula) - Pengertian, Ciri, Fungsi, Jenis, dan Contohnya
     1.1   Pengertian Kata Sandang ( Artikula )
     1.2   Ciri-Ciri Kata Sandang (Artikula)
     1.3   Fungsi Kata Sandang (Artikula)
     1.4   Jenis-Jenis Kata Sandang (Artikula)
             1.4.1   Kata Sandang Yang Menyatakan Jumlah Tunggal
             1.4.2   Kata Sandang Yang Menyatakan Jumlah Jamak/kelompok
             1.4.3   Kata Sandang Sebagai Penunjuk atau Kata Ganti Orang atau Kata Benda Yang Bermakna Netral Atau Seimbang

Pengertian Kata Sandang ( Artikula )

Kata sandang (artikula) adalah kata yang tidak memiliki arti atau makna khusus yang digunakan sebagai penjelas kata benda yang diletakan sebelum kata benda. Makna kata sandang itu sendiri tergantung dengan makna kata yang ada dibelakangnya.

Ciri-Ciri Kata Sandang (Artikula)

Dalam hal ini unsur yang digunakan untuk membatasi atau memodifikasi nomina. Yang ciri-ciri kata sandang adalah tidak mempunyai arti, akan tetapi hanya mempunyai fungsi, ialah menjadikan sebuah kata itu sebagai kata benda.

Fungsi Kata Sandang (Artikula)

Di dalam bahasa Indonesia, kata sandang memiliki fungsi antara lain sebagai berikut:
  • Membendakan suatu kata/frase. Contohnya: yang tekun dan berusaha pasti akan berhasil, yang tekun dan berusaha maskudnya ialah orang-orang yang tekun berusaha.
  • Membentuk kata benda atau kata ganti orang. Contohnya: para hadirin mengikuti acara seminar dengan sangat antusias sekali, para hadirin bermakna ialah hanya orang-orang yang hadir.

Jenis-Jenis Kata Sandang (Artikula)

Ada beberapa kata sandang yang dikelompokan berdasarkan fungsi-fungsinya, Dan berikut penjelasan mengenai jenis-jenis kata sandang (Artikula).

Kata Sandang Yang Menyatakan Jumlah Tunggal

Kata sandang antara lain sang, sri, hang, dang, hyang memberikan makna seorang atau tunggal pada kata sesudahnya.
  • Sang
    Kata sandang “sang” itu biasanya dipakai untuk penggilan manusia, benda mati atau makhluk hidup lainnya yang bertujuan untuk meninggalkan martabat, menyindir atau gurauan. contohnya: sang pengeran mendapat ucapan selamat (meninggikan martabat), sang kodok sepertinya tidak mengorek lagi hari ini (menyindir), sang saka merah putih berkibar di langit Indonesia.
  • Sri
    Kata sandang “sri” diapai sebagai penyandang nama manusia yang kedudukannya lebih tinggi. Contohnya: sri sultan mahmud meninggalkan keraton untuk melihat rakyatnya, sri baginda memerintahkan seluruh rakyatnya untuk datang ke acara pernikahan anakanya.
  • Hang
    Kata sandang "hang" juga dipakai untuk menghormati seseorang pada sastra lama. contohnya: hang tuah bertemu dengan hang bae untuk berunding, hang jebat merupakan pahlawan pembela kebenaran orang-orang melayu.
  • Dang
    Penggunaan kata sandang “Dang” sama seperti kata sandang “Hang”, akan tetapi khusus untuk wanita. Contohnya: dang shinta dilamar oleh hang jebat, sungguh elok paras dang siti sehingga membuat semua pria di kampungnya memperebutkannya.
    • Hyang
    Khusus untuk kata sandang "Hyang" diapakai untuk menyebut dewa dan dewi. Contoh: umat hindu melakukan pemujaan pada hyang widhi.
  • Yang
    Kata sandang “Yang” itu biasanya diapaki sebagai pembentuk atau pengganti nama Tuhan. Contohnya: Yang maha pengampun, ampunilah semua dosa dan kesalahan kami, serahkan semua masalahmu kepada yang maha adil.

Kata Sandang Yang Menyatakan Jumlah Jamak/kelompok

Kata sandang antara lain para, umat dan kaum menyatakan kelompok orang tertentu.
  • Para
    Kata sandang “para” dipakai untuk menegaskan sekelompok manusia yang mempunyai suatu kesamaan tertentu. Contohnya: para demonstran mulai membubarkan diri, para pembalap memacu sepedanya dengan cepat pada putaran terakhir.
  • Umat
    Kata sandang “umat” biasanya dipakai untuk menyatakan kelompok yang mempunyai kesamaan dalam bidang agama. Contohnya: Umat Islam wajib berpuasa saat bulan Ramadhan tiba, untuk menghormati umat Hindu yang sedang menyepi, umat Islam Bali mengumandangkan adzan tanpa pengeras suara.
  • Kaum
    Kata sandang “kaum” dipakai untuk orang-orang yang mempunyai pandangan atau ideology sama. Contohnya: Kaum soddom di azab oleh Allah Swt karena perilakunya yang sangat menyimpang, kaum Aad ialah ras manuisa raksasa yang hidup di zaman Nabi Hud, kaum menengah ke bawah tidak dapat merasakan apa yang dirasakan oleh kaum kaya raya.

Kata Sandang Sebagai Penunjuk atau Kata Ganti Orang atau Kata Benda Yang Bermakna Netral Atau Seimbang

Kata sandang antara lain “Si” dan “Yang” biasanya dipakai untuk menunjukan suatu kenetralan atau keharmonisan pada kata yang disandangnya.
  • Si
    Kata sandang “Si” dipakai untuk mengiringi nama orang atau binatang dan membentuk kata benda dari jenis kata yang lain seperti “kata sifat atau kata kerja”. Contohnya Si Yuni adalah orang yang baik hati, Si gendut sedang berusaha menurunkan berat badan, si kancil sangat pintar sehingga dia bisa menipu buaya.
  • Yang
    Kata sandang “Yang” dipakai sebagai pembentuk kata benda dari frase atau kata yang dikhususkan sebagai kata ganti orang atau manusia. Contohnya: Mungkin yang melakukan hal ini adalah orang yang benci padaku, aku tidak melihat orang yang memanggil namaku dari belakang, akhirnya dina dapat bertemu dengan orang yang ia rindukan.
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